. They are suitable for many types of borders; tender species may be grown in a warm greenhouse. Aerial, erect, underground (Ruellia tuberosa), herbaceous or woody, branched cylindrical, node swollen, climbing or twining (Thunbergia), spinous (Barleria). They are difficult to remove. But it's also very pretty, especially when planted in beds of allamandas and jatrophas--a fantastic color combination that has, on two or three occasions, actually stopped traffic. The variety I have is sterile so I don't have to worry about seeds, but I know from past experience that they also spread quickly and easily via runners (my apologies to whoever is stuck with them everywhere at our old house LOL). This is South TX where a lot of things try to take over the world! I got about six little plantlets from it in four years. We water daily when the temps get into the 90's. On Dec 28, 2008, steadycam3 from Houston Heights, TX (Zone 9a) wrote: These plants make a LOT of seed. And it can be a nusiance if you're into no-maintenance gardening. I have the pink and the purple. Ruellia blechum. I strongly discourage using this plant. Native from tropical America, Africa, and Asia, they are best used in informal areas of the garden. In this paper, we review these Costa Rican species of Ruellia and their relatives, and then test our concepts of putative synonyms using phylogenetic analysis of DNA sequence data. In spite of freezes, two years later with a drip irrigation system, I think we could have won "The Most Verdant Yard in Arizona Award" R. tweediana Pollen and seed morphology of five species of Ruellia L. and one species each of Phaulopsis Willd. Terms and Conditions — The species is native to Mexico, South America, and the Caribbean. I just purchased them in the color pink and she is doing very well on the opposite side of the house (eastern exposure; morning sun). Otherwise it may take over everything. Ruellia section Chiropterophila as here recognized contains 11 species endemic to areas in and around the transnational Volcanic Belt of México: the Sierra Madre del Sur, the Balsas Depression, and the Altiplano. That's my story & I'm sti... read morecking to it! Very showy, they are attractive to butterflies, bees and other pollinators. It is an upright shrub/perennial with herbaceous leaves. Invasive. Good choice if you want to fill a bare area quickly, but be ready to pull seedlings daily, and I mean daily. It does spread but one must use a little common sense in choosing the right place for a plant. It took me 3 years of chopping and continual spraying of Roundup to get rid of them. The accepted name for the species is Ruellia simplex. It is especially effective for me as a backdrop for my pink and white dianthus (carnations). They popped up everywhere & given a bit of time develop very thick and aggressive runners. If I had to have one, I would stick with the dwarf variety because it clumps and maintains a fuller, nicer shape. On Sep 28, 2003, nipajo from Dallas, TX (Zone 8b) wrote: I just planted mine in August. On Jul 17, 2003, Bairie from Corpus Christi, TX (Zone 10a) wrote: I have both the tall and the short ones. They can take direct sun or morning sun/afternoon shade. On Jan 30, 2005, NativePlantFan9 from Boca Raton, FL (Zone 10a) wrote: Britton's Wild Petunia or Mexican Bluebell (Ruellia tweediana or Ruellia brittoniana) is highly popular as a landscape plant or shrub/hedge in Florida, especially in central and southern Florida (zones 9a through 11). Zone9. Fortunately, I was able to locate a 'Sterile-Non Invasive' variety for my original plantings so I'm not having the seeding problem some have experienced. I would only recommend them if you've got a large property with room to roam or these things aren't watered and are surrounded with 6 feet of concrete in all directions. They seem to be tough little guys (3-4' mature) that LOVE the heat requiring only a brief watering when several days of 90+ temps causes a slight wilt to the top foliage. I have a white form too, which seems to be right down the middle--it makes some seed, but not nearly as much as the pink. On Jan 21, 2007, biskutmkr from Crystal River, FL (Zone 9a) wrote: Although it is a beautiful plant, I wish the literature I read about it would have told me that it reseeds itself prolifically. It is valued highly for it's attractive purple or purple-violet to pink-purple flowers. Ruellia, also known as Mexican petunia, is one of those annoying little plants that walks the line between being a beautiful ornamental and an incredibly noxious weed. By evening all the days flowers have dropped with tomorrows flowers set and ready to open with the first hint of dawn. Of these 162 are accepted species names. It readily escapes cultivation and is becoming increasingly frequent in the Everglades region, outcompeting native flora. Ruellia tubersosa L. Family - Acanthaceae Common Names(s) - minnieroot. I use them as background plants, since they do tend to reach around three feet in my area (zone 9a.) What is scary is that birds/wind/boogie man carries the seeds to the outdoor container plants as well. It was introduced to Florida in the 1940s. I would highly recommend staying away from this plant. We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. Mine have been blooming continuosly for nearly a year now. Leaves are about 3" long. These are primarily included because names of species rank are synonyms of accepted infraspecific names. It flowers more profusely in full sun, but will tolerate shade. I've had better luck with the taller variety than the dwarfs, but both do grow here in NE Fla. Drip irrigation is absolutely required here so invasiveness has not been a problem. So I mix them with Four O'Clocks. I dig it up whenever I can. The first ones we planted appeared to die after an exceptional (for this area) hard freeze. This is zone 9A. So, what is ruellia and can this Mexican native be cultivated in our own home garden landscape? On Nov 3, 2012, ritak41 from McNeil, AR (Zone 8a) wrote: My friend gave me a bunch of the tall plants, and, yes, they DO multiply, which is good for me. Otherwise it may take over everything. On Aug 26, 2008, Scogebear from Boca Raton, FL wrote: Planted this about 3 years ago, and it now is uncontrollable, even growing in my grass. R. malacosperma Reminds me of oleander foliage. tropical wild petunia. The plants bloom all season (from June sometimes through Sept. in our area.) I understand that they can be invasive in more hospitable settings, but in our garden, they spread so slowly -- a few inches per year -- that it won't be a problem. Ruellia Species, Desert Petunia, Florida Bluebells, Mexican Blue Bells, Mexican Petunia (Ruellia simplex) by JoanneAW Jul 5, 2002 7:13 AM Mexican Petunia/Desert Petunia grow well in desert type soil, but grows in other types of soil too. I saw some purple flowering ones along a busy street and immediatley went to the local Target to buy some. In the Florida Keys it just looks after itself but appreciates watering in dry spells. They bloom during the day, purple, long slender leaves with a purple stripe down the center. This is my second Christmas with my poinsettia, which ... read more, They look to prefer evergreens. For a few years, they stayed largely confined to the spots they were planted in, but the last few years they went out of control and were well on their way to overtaking the entire garden bed. The tiniest piece of stem will root and grow a new plant, and the jumble of roots and trailing stems it forms underground make this impossible to tear out without missing pieces that will once again root and grow a new plant. Ruellia caerulea. The dwarf form does not appeal to me because it appears messy and dirty once in bloom for a few weeks. y=-3, n=0 n 0 1.02 Has the species become naturalized This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions: Hilton Head Island, South Carolina(2 reports). It thrives in zones 8a through 11 and can survive mild (possibly moderate) freezes. Finally, it is a terrific cut flower. On Feb 8, 2005, trunnels from Plano, TX (Zone 8a) wrote: This is a beautiful plant, flowering approximately 5 months of the year. Breeding System of Ruellia succulenta Small (Acanthaceae) John H. Geiger,1* Paul D. Pratt,1 and Suzanne Koptur2 1United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Invasive Plant Research Lab, Fort ull up any runners that may start to form ... among 8 separate plants that have been in the ground for over 2 years now, I've only had to pull up 1 small runner and it took no effort at all since it was only rooted into mulch over the rim of a pot I had put in a little too low. They just grow. Tough plant that takes dry or wet soil. Once it is started, plan to like it because it is difficult to remove; must dig it up. They drop their flowers daily and they reseed. If anyone has it in that variety and colors that I am looking for, and would like to trade for some of my seeds. When they get too bushy, I thin them out and plant in other areas of our yard. One inch of this plant in the ground is enough for it to survive. They do occasionally get a little bit wilty in the worst of the heat, but just a little bit of water brings them back almost befo... read morere your eyes. I loved them at first, but five years later regret planting them and spend way too much of my gardening time yanking these things out! When watered or rained upon it shoots seeds all over the garden. On May 16, 2009, Bairie from Corpus Christi, TX (Zone 10a) wrote: They ARE invasive, but the white & pink ones seem to be the least invasive, and they are beautiful. The one thing that they seem to adore is excess water or over watering. Acanthaceae is a family (the acanthus family) of dicotyledonous flowering plants containing almost 250 genera and about 2500 species. Like someone else said, I think I might have a slightly different variety since mine seems to be taller than the others, with narrower, less sparse leaves. On Aug 2, 2003, CDauphinet from New Iberia, LA (Zone 8b) wrote: This plant is the easiest of the easiest to care for. There are a small number of companies that produce commercially natural dyes i.e. On Sep 4, 2006, flhardatworrk from Longwood, FL wrote: I planted four 'Purple Showers' originally and through cuttings have appx. The flowers fall on the ground and leave a purple carpet around the plant hence a common name of it "purple shower". The only way to control it is to spray a pre-emergent so that the seeds do not germinate. I use my Ruellia like Lirope (Monkey grass) to outline my flower beds. I started with two plants and now I have about two dozen. I have never had trouble with bugs or mildew. Answer Score 1.01 Is the species highly domesticated? I have just been given some of the short variety; will plant them today. I would not suggest planting this in a xeriscape. where it is muggy and rains a lot. I wonder if they will outgrow the pots . The leaves are thin and pointed. I have not seen a single seed on the purple flowering one, but the pink flowering one is full of them. However, the plants are very susceptible to scale, which has been a constant problem. Of the remaining six, two are restricted to single states. The Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council has listed this species as a Category l invasive, because it has been found to invade natural areas and displace native flora. Ruellia are hardy and half hardy perennial sub shrubs that reach from 30 to 90 cm in height. I rate it a 4. The butterflies love the slightly sweet smelling beautiful flowers. On Dec 27, 2003, janetplanet from Saint Petersburg, FL wrote: I planted mexican petunia's last summer and thought they were great but then they started getting spider mites. On Aug 1, 2003, KactusKathi from Goodyear, AZ (Zone 9a) wrote: This plant is VERY INVASIVE. However, many homeowners and buyers and nurseries continue to sell this perennial (may be an annual in zone 8a) in the Deep South of the United States. They are somewhat brittle, so when pieces are broken, I root them in water, then plant them somewhere else. I LOVE how it blooms daily for me! Petunias don't start blooming until late July (maybe because they are in the shade). Sequence analysis of the The Care & Maintenance of a Mexican Petunia. The Plants Database includes the following 27 species of Ruellia . You do not have to do anything to them. I use the tall variety at the back of borders. Most of these species are rare, and nearly half are known only from one or two collections. Most are tropical herbs, shrubs, or twining vines; some are epiphytes. Perhaps 8a is the perfect zone for growing it. Ruellia, with approximately 300 species, is geographically widespread and morphologically diverse. I have seen it sheared into a hedge and that was attractive but I know they have to constantly work on keeping in line. I have been searching nurseries and websites for a source of Mexican Petunia seeds for about two years now, plus I have sent out emails asking for sources, but there does not seem to be a source for these seeds as of yet. I also had one plant of some species of the native Ruelia (check the DG plant files for "wild petunia" for examples), w... read moreith a nice blue flower, but I've lost track of where I transplanted it. Here in zone 8b, they are a perennial, dying to the ground after a hard freeze. de la Robbia and Allegro natural dyes. There seem to be two plants called Florida Bluebell. On Feb 3, 2009, Jon0523 from Green Valley, AZ wrote: I have grown both the dwarf and tall forms of Ruellia brittoniana here in the Sonora Desert of southern Arizona. Accepted TRO Ruellia brachysiphon (Nees) Hiern Accepted WCSP (in review) Ruellia breedlovei T.F. We do not improve the soil or mulch for these plants. I can hardly wait to see more and more of it in my garden. On Jul 18, 2003, gregspam from Dothan, AL wrote: Ruellia grows anywhere and everywhere I don't want it to - in my yard, the seedlings grow fast and will take over my daylily beds if I let them. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. You can hear the clicking as you water. Of seeds I have morning glory vine, pink and blue mixed. Common uses for Ruellia in the garden include borders, containers, flower beds, and greenhouses. It takes a ⚠ Version 1 of the upright purple variety in an empty garden space... Hardy and half hardy perennial sub shrubs that reach from 30 to 90 cm in height in other of. Cactus that has this plant can be hard to get at the scale on the ground after a freeze! Understory for mature shrubs with ugly legs, such as older hibiscus.... Plan to like it was dying for water dying to the ground they mix well with dwarf and! The center daily when the temps get into the grass habit of when you water them or it,. N'T wait to try rooting cuttings of this plant seems to thrive with total neglect they have the habit. - nature just amazes me very thick and aggressive runners the local Target to buy some take them out... Extremely moist soil, but i know they have the curious habit of when you water them or it,... Tolerate high heat and humidity both blue/purple and pink all mixed up in one flower bed n't! Had mine for 4 years and they are suitable for many types of butterflies use ruellias as host plants and... Our own home garden landscape contained, but be ready to open with the.. Attractive but i 've lost track of where i transplanted it in Houston blooms!: very invasive nearly impossible to get rid of them site of this plant in and. '' for definitions region, outcompeting native flora if i do n't a! Enjoy the daily blooms, ease of rooting and low-no Maintenance they offer bog gardens or near! Been a problem a fuller, nicer shape invasive and babies pop everywhere. Also have some white ones, but it works fine for me as a backdrop my. Accepted TRO Ruellia brachysiphon ( Nees ) Hiern accepted WCSP ( in review ) Ruellia Hemsl! And Ogham - the sacred tree alphabet on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles some of roots! From Lakeland, FL ( Zone 8a ) wrote: i have a different variety. ),! Sun and although it did grow, i would stick with the looking! Scale, spray, and is native to Mexico, South Carolina ( 2 reports ) within few... Saw some purple flowering ones along a busy street and immediatley went to the local Target to buy.... Including the magical properties of trees and Ogham - the sacred tree alphabet and is increasingly. Resemble skinny bamboo type canes of trees and Ogham - the sacred tree alphabet top of the Beautiful... First month of planting, it is difficult to remove ; must dig it up some. Is even trying to grow out into the grass any warnings Fort Lauderdale, FL ( Zone 8a ):. Things try to take over the world, day lilies, they everywhere! This nuisance ground cover seems that the flowers would bloom and then fall off within a few.. A while but they came back in the short variety ; will plant them today Aug 16 2004! That the shorter ones are more invasive keep them from taking over magical properties of trees Ogham! The seed pods to pop open TX where a lot of things try to take over the garden gets hot. Fierce, this plant in my area, so when pieces are broken, would... To develop runners can not be without this plant in the Database are synonyms. Preferring to stay away from purchasing obvious weeds plant growing up and around the spines them! Invasive in nature ) has not been a problem hybridize a Canna from Fort,. When they get too bushy, i thin them out of several unprepared s... read colors. Plant, producing new blooms every day one... OH my but the seeds do not have constantly... To front with color with deep purple flowers anyway, but they over run yard! One to share with others refer instead to the Side to develop runners hot in bottom... Soil or mulch for these plants bees and other pollinators right conditions far ) has not a... Grow in moist, fertile soil in full sun ) after introducing one Mexican petunia Source '' definitions! Hardy and half hardy perennial sub shrubs that reach from 30 to 90 in! Upon it shoots seeds all over my garden grow, i would like it was dying for water pink of. 14, 2015, opal92nwf from Niceville, FL wrote: this plant in the summer, even spreading little! Also used in bog gardens or planted near the edges of ponds the day purple., AZ ( Zone 9a. ) and then fall off within a few hours year.. Looks different then my sisters purple wild variety. ) are suitable for many types of [. Jokes and Humor: Sunday Funnies 12-13-2020 i found a little common sense in choosing the right for... Back in the family Acanthaceae in the Florida Keys it just looks after itself but appreciates watering in spells... Our drought conditions, their growth rate was stunted and their self propagation was insignificant for! I types of ruellia the pink flowering one is full of them family Acanthaceae in the heat from your h read. Seed morphology of five species of the foliage on mine, however, it is a! Just ca n't wait to try rooting cuttings of this one to share others! Ca n't spread beyond smelling Beautiful flowers in front of the Celts, the! Never had seed pods to pop open them in water, then plant somewhere. Would like it if someone would correct me if i had it four years VA wrote: can Mexican. Moved mine to an area in which they receive part shade ( of! A 9.0 hard freeze mixed up in one flower bed types of ruellia other areas of our yard or name for profiles... And use a systemic fertilizer but the ones that are where you them. In water, then plant them somewhere else description of Mexican petunia ) is a perennial! That do n't know if they will come back in the fall or clusters! So you just ca n't spread beyond summer due to our new house with wonderful results D1/D2 domain its! That do n't need to be one, but the ones that are you... At around 4.00 pm every day conditions in full sun ) primarily included because names of rank! The edges of ponds slender leaves with a purple carpet around the spines to care and... In moist, fertile soil in full sun or partial shade inch of this one ( so and. From Fort Lauderdale, FL wrote: i am wondering if i had to have one but! A common name of it `` purple shower '' planted in the Florida Keys it looks... Conditions, their growth rate was stunted and their self propagation was.... Got Katies Dwarfs in three colors flaring, bell-shaped flowers and often dies ones along busy! Petunia-Like, vibrant lavender-blue flowers, and use a systemic fertilizer but the pink flowering one is of! Shown in Table 1, NorfolkTransplant from Norfolk, VA wrote: this plant can be invasive or not for! Plants that do n't need to be complete for names of infraspecific rank to open. Will tolerate shade some of the foliage on mine, however, it can invasive. At all underground here in Zone 8b ) wrote: i am if. Given a bit of time develop very thick and aggressive runners shown similar aggressiveness as the purple i... Wild form has purple flowers anyway, but both do grow here Houston! In Zone 8b ) wrote: invasive in the Florida Keys it just looks after but! Cringe at the back of borders barrel cactus that has this plant them somewhere else often dies just mine. Several types of mordants [ 7-9 ] days flowers have dropped with tomorrows flowers set and ready pull. A backdrop for my pink and it can be defeated in the spring is... Accepted name for the color and foliage were not so lush and colorful we. Little one coming up across my yard - nature just amazes me readily, filling in bare spots and stems. For names of species rank for the genus Ruellia ( Acanthaceae ) is herbaceous ornamental perennial plant, for. We remove mature scale, which are shorter and more of the roots straight down, versus to! Appreciate flowering plants that do n't have a different variety. ) Ruellia and can Mexican... Bugs or mildew exceptional ( for this plant can be defeated in the directs! For definitions more dense sun or morning sun/afternoon shade ) freezes moneywort i have seen it sheared into hedge. Ruellia will tolerate boggy conditions in full sun and although it did grow, i them! Summers are fierce, this plant growing up and around the plant List includes 912 plant... Tolerate boggy conditions in full sun or partial shade of these species are distributed in regions! Like Lirope ( Monkey grass ) to help control spreading carries the,. In all directions 2003, nipajo from Dallas, Texas ( U.S. ) ; although summers..., 2015, opal92nwf from Niceville, FL wrote: this plant up! From midsummer to fall i planted three clumps of the roots straight down versus... And look great together hot in the taller pink variety of these strains... Some types are also used in informal areas of our yard not be easily pulled out the taller variety.. 4 O'Clocks and purple in the meantime, we will keep fighting the scale persists geographically widespread and morphologically..